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Between, within, and mixed designs

danimarietaylor

New member
Joined
Mar 25, 2012
Messages
2
Dr. Pena is conducting research to see whether the severity of the chronic headaches suffered by her patients will be lessened through the use of biofeedback. Based on what she has read in medical journals and on her own observations, Dr. Pena has determined that the headaches are caused by muscle tension, so she feels that patients who learn to relax will have fewer or less severe headaches. To test her theory she attaches electrodes to the forehead of each of her patients. These tiny wires measure electrical activity from their muscles drop and they receive feedback in the form of soothing music. Dr. Pena finds that compared to a separate control group of people to whom electrodes are attached but do not receive the feedback, the experimental group reports fewer and less severe headaches during the week following the biofeedback session.

1. Dr. Pena used a _______________________ -subjects design in her experiment.

a. Within

b. Between

c. Mixed

d. Crossed

e. Mixed-Within

I am assuming it is C-mixed, because there is one independent variable and two levels, but is this correct? I can't find much information about it in my textbook and the explanations are vague. I am not even sure is E-Mixed-Within is possible is it?
 

danimarietaylor

New member
Joined
Mar 25, 2012
Messages
2
In addition to the last question...

5. Dr. Pena's hypothesis is considered to be ________ - tailed.

a. one

b. two

c. three

d. four

e. there are no tails in the hypothesis.

I am thinking it is two tailed since there is no real positive or negative, but we haven't even learned about what three and four tailed means. Any insight was be appreciated.
 
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