Problem regarding percentage increases.

Strikera

New member
Joined
Jul 31, 2007
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1
Ran into a problem which is driving me nuts and would appreciate any assistance on the problem. :)

Problem:

A factory increases it's production by 10%. The factory then increases it's production by another 20%. To return to the original production (before the 10 and 20% increases) how much production would the factory need to reduce?

The answer is 24% but I have no idea on how they arrived at that number or the steps needed to properly approach the problem.

Thanks in advance for any help!
 

skeeter

Senior Member
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Dec 15, 2005
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2,396
let P = production level

increase P by 10% = (1.10)P

increase the new level by another 20% = (1.20)(1.10)P = (1.32)P

to reduce back to P ... P = (1/1.32)(1.32)P

1/1.32 = approx 0.76 of the last level of production ... a 24% decrease.
 

Denis

Senior Member
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Feb 17, 2004
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1,460
Striker, when you have "no idea", make up a simple example,
like let initial production = 1000:
1000 + 10% = 1000 + 100 = 1100
1100 + 20% = 1100 + 220 = 1320

Now you can "see" that 1320 needs to be reduced back to 1000,
so a reduction of 320: kapish?
 

pka

Elite Member
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Jan 29, 2005
Messages
7,813
Here is a sure-fire method to do all these problems:
\(\displaystyle \frac{{New - Old}}{{Old}}\)

This works for % of increase or decrease.
 

tkhunny

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Apr 12, 2005
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...unless, of course, Old = 0.
 

stapel

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Feb 4, 2004
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tkhunny said:
...unless, of course, Old = 0.
But if you're starting from zero, then "percent change" has no meaning, so it's a moot point, isn't it...?

Eliz.
 

tkhunny

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It absolutely is not moot if your employer INSISTS on a "Percent Change" in that important report he's about to present to the Board of Directors.

It can be a difficult argument to convince said employer that the question is pointless.

Try this in your next boardroom...

Results by quarter

1) -5 a loss
2) -4 less loss
3) -3 less loss
4) -2 less loss
5) -1 less loss
6) 0 less loss
7) 5 big gain

Percent change by quarter

2) +20%
3) +25%
4) +33%
5) +50%
6) +100%
7) Pointless Data.

They WILL find it unsatisfactory.

It is good to be aware of this problem. That's all I'm saying. If your data can reach zero, your audience should be warned well before the event.
 
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