Solving a system of non-homogeneous differential equations....


New member
Apr 23, 2019
So, it's my first time posting here, and I would be incredibly grateful for an extra pair of eyes to tell me if I'm understanding this correctly. The problem is as follows:


After putting my equations into standard form and using the modified kramer's method to find both solution's for x and y, I'm pretty unnerved by the answer, because it is the same answer, and although these equations are non-homogeneous, there is no particular solution. Usually, we have to express one of the constants, either c or d, in


Elite Member
Jan 27, 2012
The set of equations is
\(\displaystyle \frac{dx}{dt}- \frac{dy}{dt}- x= 2e^t\) and
\(\displaystyle \frac{d^2x}{dt^2}- \frac{dy}{dt}+ 3x- y= 4e^t\).

The first thing I would do is solve the first equation for \(\displaystyle \frac{dy}{dt}\):
\(\displaystyle \frac{dy}{dt}= \frac{dx}{dt}- x- 2e^t\). Replace \(\displaystyle \frac{dy}{dt}\) by that in the second equation: \(\displaystyle \frac{d^2x}{dt^2}- \left(\frac{dx}{dt}- x- 2e^t\right)+ 3x- y= 4e^t\) or \(\displaystyle \frac{d^2x}{dt^2}-\frac{dx}{dt}+ 4x- y= 2e^t\).

Now, differentiate that equation again: \(\displaystyle \frac{d^3x}{dt^3}- \frac{d^2x}{dt^2}+ 4\frac{dx}{dt}- \frac{dy}{dt}= 2e^t\). And, finally, replace that "dy/dt" with \(\displaystyle \frac{dx}{dt}- x- 2e^t\) again: \(\displaystyle \frac{d^3x}{dt^3}- \frac{d^2x}{dt^2}+ 4\frac{dx}{dx}- \frac{dx}{dt}+ x+ 2e^t= 2e^t\).

\(\displaystyle \frac{d^3x}{dt^3}- \frac{d^2x}{dt^2}+ 3\frac{dx}{dt}+ x= 0\).

That is a linear homogeneous equation with constant coefficients. It has characteristic equation \(\displaystyle r^3- r^2+ 3r+ 1= 0\). I will leave you to finish it. (Check my arithmetic!)