# "if 5y+3 = 53 = 5(10) + 3 then y + 3 = 10 + 3"

Status
Not open for further replies.

#### Agent Smith

##### Junior Member
When solving for Y in the expression below, I got the wrong answer by dividing 5 from both sides after the first simplification. I then got the right answer by subtracting 3 from both sides after the first simplification. Although I did the same thing in both attempts, I only got it right in the second attempt. How was I supposed to know that I had to subtract 3 before I could divide 5?

2+(5y+1)=53
5y+3=53
y+3=10.6
y=7.6

2+(5y+1)=53
5y+3=53
5y=50
y=10

(I cannot ask my teacher this question because I do not have a teacher. I never received an education in math. If this question is too simple then what are some resources I can use to understand this instead?)
[imath]5y + 3 = 53[/imath]
[imath]5y + 3 = 5(10) + 3[/imath]
[imath]y + 3 = 10 + 3[/imath] (dividing by 5)
[imath]y = 10[/imath]

[imath]5y + 3 = 53[/imath]
[imath]5y + 3 = 5(10) + 3[/imath]
[imath]y + 3 = 10 + 3[/imath] (dividing by 5)
[imath]y = 10[/imath]
NO! To get from the second line to the third line, you have NOT divided each side by 5.

$$\displaystyle y+\frac{3}{5} = 10 + \frac{3}{5}$$.

The only reason your method "appears" to work is that there is a +3 on each side. What if the original RHS was 52 not 53? Your "method" wouldn't work. Check it for yourself.

NO! To get from the second line to the third line, you have NOT divided each side by 5.

$$\displaystyle y+\frac{3}{5} = 10 + \frac{3}{5}$$.

The only reason your method "appears" to work is that there is a +3 on each side. What if the original RHS was 52 not 53? Your "method" wouldn't work. Check it for yourself.
Ok, ok, calm down.

5x + 3 = 13
13 = 5(2) + 3
5x + 3 = 5(2) + 3, no?
Divide (partially) by 5 and you get ...
x + 3 = 2 + 3
x = 2
Have I violated any rule?

So how would you solve 5x+3 =12 ?

Ok, ok, calm down.

5x + 3 = 13
13 = 5(2) + 3
5x + 3 = 5(2) + 3, no?
Divide (partially) by 5 and you get ...
x + 3 = 2 + 3
x = 2
Have I violated any rule?
in the above work,

in the second line ....... where did 2 come from?

Apologies, Good day.

Have I violated any rule
Those examples are not real algebra, so no rule worries. Easy making incorrect maths give correct result when using partial steps or other trickery.

Here is piece of real algebra,
Distributive Property: a(b+c)=(a)(b)+(a)(c)
You used a part of it: a(b+c)=(a)(b)+c

Correct way to multiply or divide polynomials is:
multiply or divide every term

Those examples are not real algebra, so no rule worries. Easy making incorrect maths give correct result when using partial steps or other trickery.

Here is piece of real algebra,
Distributive Property: a(b+c)=(a)(b)+(a)(c)
You used a part of it: a(b+c)=(a)(b)+c

Correct way to multiply or divide polynomials is:
multiply or divide every term
[imath]3(4 + 1) = 3(4) + x[/imath]

[imath]3(4 + 1) = 3(4) + x[/imath]
@Agent Smith .........Are you proposing a new example or continuing from a given response in this thread?

If it is "continuing from a given response in this thread" please provide a reference to the 'response # '.

If it is a new example, please state the complete problem .

@Agent Smith .........Are you proposing a new example or continuing from a given response in this thread?

If it is "continuing from a given response in this thread" please provide a reference to the 'response # '.

If it is a new example, please state the complete problem .
Ok,

a(b + c) = ab + d. (partial distribution).

a(b + c) = ab + d. (partial distribution).
Incorrect.

You did not respond to request for complete problem statement.

Note: This thread has been split from a student's question (answered a couple of months ago), so as to keep the mathematically incorrect assertions from causing confusion to students.

You can easily write down two equations that have the same solution but you can say that you can go from any equation to the next while making mistakes!
5x + 3 = 10 + 3. The solution is x=2.
x+ 3 = 2 + 3. The solution is x = 2.
The reason that you can divide the first equation by 5 the way you did it is because the 3's are not really there--they cancel out to 0.

Here is what is really happening.

5x + 3 = 10 + 3---divide by 5
x + 3/5 = 2 + 3/5---now add 12/5 to both sides
x+ 3 = 2 + 3. You never noticed that you added 12/5 to both sides.

Clearly 8 + 4 = 2 + 12. Now divide "both sides" by 2
8/2 + 4 =2/2 + 12
4+4 = 1 + 12
8 = 13
Is that correct?

Incorrect.

You did not respond to request for complete problem statement.
in the above work,

in the second line ....... where did 2 come from?
5x + 3 = 13
Then
5x + 3 = 10 + 3
Then
5x + 3 = 5(2) + 3
x + 3 = 2 + 3 (partial division)
Ergo,
x = 2
The 2 came from 10, 10 = 5 × 2
The logic is quite simple ...

If 5x + 3 = 13 and
5x + 3 = 10 + 3
then
5x = 10
5x = 5(2)
x = 2
If so x + 3 = 2 + 3
5x + 3 = 5(2) + 3 (partial multiplication)

By the way, I'm not recommending that math be done this way, it can leadto errors. I'm only trying to show the OP that his method of partial division is not entirely wrong.

So how would you solve 5x+3 =12 ?
Easy!

[imath]5x + 3 = 9 + 3[/imath]

[imath]\displaystyle 5x + 3 = 5\left(\frac{9}{5}\right) + 3[/imath]

[imath]\displaystyle x + 3 = \frac{9}{5} + 3[/imath] (divide partially by [imath]5[/imath])

Then

[imath]\displaystyle x = \frac{9}{5}[/imath]

I admit that Agent Smith is a genius professor?‍?

Here's food for thought.

10000x + 0.00000001 = 20000
x = 2 (partial division). 0.00000001 is only going to get smaller, so small in fact that we may ignore its existence ?.

#### Attachments

• 20240105_163710.jpg
77.2 KB · Views: 1
[imath]5y + 3 = 53[/imath]
[imath]5y + 3 = 5(10) + 3[/imath]
[imath]y + 3 = 10 + 3[/imath] (dividing by 5)
[imath]y = 10[/imath]
5y + 3 =53
minus 3 from both sides
5y = 50
divide both sides 5
y = 10
all algebra is based on the premise what you do to one side of the equals sign you must do to the other to maintain the equality

5y + 3 =53
minus 3 from both sides
5y = 50
divide both sides 5
y = 10
all algebra is based on the premise what you do to one side of the equals sign you must do to the other to maintain the equality
Kindly review my previous statements.

x + 3 = 5
x + 2 > 3 (LHS - 1, RHS - 2)
x > 1 (LHS - 2, RHS - 2)
---
x + 3 = 5
x + 1 < 4 (LHS - 2, RHS - 1)
x < 3 (LHS - 1, RHS - 1)

We have now 1 < x < 3.

There is only one integer that satisfies the inequality, viz. x = 2

5x + 3 = 13
Then
5x + 3 = 10 + 3
Then
5x + 3 = 5(2) + 3
x + 3 = 2 + 3 (partial division)
Ergo,
x = 2
The 2 came from 10, 10 = 5 × 2
The logic is quite simple ...

If 5x + 3 = 13 and
5x + 3 = 10 + 3
then
5x = 10
5x = 5(2)
x = 2
If so x + 3 = 2 + 3
5x + 3 = 5(2) + 3 (partial multiplication)