If you are specifically asking only about this line,
That's the part that was confusing. I couldn't quite make the logically connection you've spelled out and I get it now. Thanks for the help!If you are specifically asking only about this line,
If x is near -1, then x + 3 is near 2, and therefore is positive (taking "near" to be "no farther away than 2 units"). The absolute value of a positive number is the number itself, so |x + 3| = x + 3 in this case.
If y is near 0, then y - 1 is near -1, and therefore is negative (if y is within 1 of 0). The absolute value of a negative number is its negative, so in this case |y - 1| = -(y - 1) = 1 - y.