# Creating a rational with given tangent slope

#### casherr

##### New member
develop one rational function that demonstrates this slope (m = - 2) at a specific value x = a

I've tried so many different eqns but they all end up in tangent lines that pass through 2 points on the function very close to each other. Please help!

#### skeeter

##### Elite Member
$$\displaystyle f(x) = \frac{1}{x} \implies f’\left(\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\right) = -2$$

#### casherr

##### New member
it has to be somewhat complex, like x+3/x+2 for example

#### skeeter

##### Elite Member
it has to be somewhat complex, like x+3/x+2 for example
your initial post says "one rational function" ... nothing about its complexity.

so, how about $$\displaystyle f(x) = \dfrac{4}{x^2+1}$$ ?

does that meet the "somewhat complex" criteria?

If so, determine the unique value $$\displaystyle x=a$$ where $$\displaystyle f'(a) = -2$$

#### casherr

##### New member

IT WORKED AHHHHHH!!!! thank you so much!!

#### casherr

##### New member
wait actually i calculated that wrong, the tangent line equation should be -2x+4, but when i do that, the tangent goes through (0,4) and (1,2) so I'm not sure what I'm doing wrong. I solved for x and it gave me 1 and 0.29559 so used 1 to find the eqn.

#### skeeter

##### Elite Member
it’s ok if the line tangent at x=1 intersects the curve again ... it’s not tangent at (0,4), it is tangent at (1,2)

#### casherr

##### New member
will there ever be a point on the graph with the slope -2 that only intersects once?
Also, unrelated but if I were to find the instantaneous rate of change for one point on an income per person per year graph, what would my units be?
thank you for all your help so far by the way!

#### Subhotosh Khan

##### Super Moderator
Staff member
will there ever be a point on the graph with the slope -2 that only intersects once?
Also, unrelated but if I were to find the instantaneous rate of change for one point on an income per person per year graph, what would my units be?
thank you for all your help so far by the way!
You say:

will there ever be a point on the graph with the slope -2 that only intersects once?​

Are you referring to the graph - with slope -2 (i.e. the graph has a slope of -2 at some given point)?​

You say - only intersects once → what intersects with what?

#### casherr

##### New member
You say:

will there ever be a point on the graph with the slope -2 that only intersects once?​

Are you referring to the graph - with slope -2 (i.e. the graph has a slope of -2 at some given point)?​

You say - only intersects once → what intersects with what?

tangent line that only intersects with the graph once at a specific point with the slope -2

#### casherr

##### New member
"Are you referring to the graph - with slope -2 (i.e. the graph has a slope of -2 at some given point)?"
im referring to the graph we just discussed, y= 4/(x^2+1), and what point would have tangent -2 that's line only intersects with the graph once

#### skeeter

##### Elite Member
will there ever be a point on the graph with the slope -2 that only intersects once?
not with the function I proposed ... not saying it isn't possible with some other function

Also, unrelated but if I were to find the instantaneous rate of change for one point on an income per person per year graph, what would my units be?
(income per person) per year, or (income) per (person per year) ? there is a difference

I suspect you may mean the first ... if so, the derivative would be (income per person) per year2

#### casherr

##### New member
is there any reason for the year being squared?
I really appreciate your help!

#### skeeter

##### Elite Member
to make sure we get this correct, please verify what both axes of the graph represent with regard to units ...

x axis has what units?

y axis has what units?

#### casherr

##### New member
x is years

y is the income per person in dollars

#### skeeter

##### Elite Member
x is years

y is the income per person in dollars
then the slope would be (income per person) per year, $$\displaystyle m = \dfrac{\text{income/person}}{\text{year}}$$